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     Ministries
    Living Waters for the World 

    Monthly 2-cents-a-meal
    offering lends a hand
    to important effort

    Swift Presbyterian Church received a letter from Living Waters for the World, a ministry of the Synod of Living Waters, Presbyterian Church (USA), thanking us for our monetary support of this urgently needed program worldwide.

    They pointed out that 900 million people in the world have no access to clean water. Consequently, at least 3 million deaths result each year from drinking or being exposed to polluted water.

    As of January 2016, Living Waters for the World clean water systems have been installed at 772 sites in 25 countries: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Cameroon, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Philippines, Thailand, Ukraine, United States (Appalachia) and Venezuela.

    Our monthly 2-cents-a-meal offering goes toward this program.

    ​Living Waters for the World was conceived by Wil Howie, a Presbyterian Church (USA) minister, who believed that the Church could literally bring life-saving, “living” water to people in need throughout the world and was officially recognized as a mission resource of the PCUSA in 1993.

    Living Waters for the World facts at glance
    (revised 2016)

    Living Waters for the World is a Christian ministry that provides sustainable clean water, fostering long-term, mutually beneficial relationships between volunteers and communities in need.

    LWW partners with communities to develop a sustainable solution for providing clean water. By providing a water treatment system that’s simple and affordable, and by teaching local leaders to lead health and spiritual education among the community, Living Waters for the World and its trained volunteer teams help communities take ownership of their health and well-being. 

    NOTE: LWW does not drill wells or provide other water access solutions. LWW empowers communities to treat available but contaminated water.

    ►Installation locations:

    Churches, schools, orphanages, health clinics, community centers, hospitals in areas with available but contaminated water

    ►Transfer of knowledge/information: 

    Train and equip volunteer mission teams via Clean Water U (a five-day simulation school), with support from LWW’s fulfillment center through which system/educational materials are available

    ►The LWW mission development approach:

    Train the trainer:

    Every effort is made to ensure that operating partners (local, in-country partners responsible for the sustainability of the program) construct the clean water system on site and lead ongoing health, hygiene and spiritual education, and that initiating partners (typically U.S.-based partners) teach, coach and ultimately empower operating partners. 

    System sustainability via international networks:

    Living Waters for the World is committed to the highest possible sustainability of clean water systems. Therefore, LWW initiating partners are required to work within one of LWW’s 11 international networks

    When Living Waters for the World began training water teams in 2004, our emphasis was on the installation of water systems. The ribbon-cutting ceremony during a water system installation celebration was like breaking the tape at the end of a 5K race. What we have learned in the years since is that the installation of a water system is like the beginning of a marathon, with initiating partners and operating partners working together with support from LWW networks to ensure clean water flows for a generation. 
    Time and cost commitments: 

    A covenant relationship for a minimum of three years is established between an initiating partner (trained team) and an operating partner, involving four or more trips to the operating partner’s location.

    Our initiating partners are responsbile for their own expenses — many raise funds for this effort as part of their mission programs. We estimate the total cost of a mission team’s participation over a three-year span to be about $24,500, which includes costs of training, system materials and travel expenses.

    ►Health, hygiene and spiritual education:

    Curriculum structure: modular format — trainers pick from a menu of choices those that best meet their particular educational requirements

    ►Clean water systems:

    A modular approach for these community-sized systems provides a configurable solution to meet the specific needs of a partner. 

    The standard system is described below; details covering two systems for removing calcium, magnesium, fresh-water salinity and heavy metals are available on request.

    Standard clean water system

    • Purpose: bacteriological disinfection; removal of chlorine-resistant organisms

    • Design: batch treatment process, with an integrated bottling station

    • Capacity: based on tank size; typically a 300-gallon tank 

    • Process time: 300 gallons per hour at 5 gpm per batch

    • Key methods: filtration, microfiltration and either ultraviolet light or ozone disinfection

    • Installation cost: hardware — $3,500; additional costs, i.e., tank stand or building materials, may occur in some cases 

    • Operational costs, including replacement parts (excluding labor): per 100,000 gallons: one-half cent to 1 cent per gallon

    • Parts availability: key system components provided at cost, plus shipping and handling, through LWW’s Fulfillment Center in Louisville, Kentucky (accessed via LWW website); replacement-part supply chains are being established in each of our international networks. (See mission opportunities section of the website for a list of networks.)
    Standard water treatment system with bottling station

    Purpose: bacteriological disinfection; removal of chlorine-resistant organisms

    Components: filtration, micro-filtration and ozone

    The Living Waters for the World standard clean water system takes available but contaminated water and processes it through filtration, micro-filtration, and ozone or ultraviolet disinfection to produce water that is safe to drink.

    The filtration step uses a 50-micron sediment filter to remove sediments and solids in the water. This filtration process is followed by filtering the water through 5.0-micron and 0.5-micron filters to remove pathogens. The final part of the process includes disinfection with ozone or UV light to remove bacteria, viruses, and other water-borne pathogens too small for the 0.5-micron filter. 

    This process is run in batch mode to produce clean water that can be bottled for distribution or used from a clean water storage tank. Because there is limited to no residual disinfection with ozone or UV treatment, LWW recommends that if the water is to be stored in a tank for more than a day or distributed from the tank to other locations that it be chlorinated to provide another layer of protection. 

    This process is limited to the removal of water-borne pathogens. Heavy metals, salt, hardness, and other chemical contaminants may be addressed using a variation of the standard clean water system using reverse osmosis and softening. 


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      • Presbytery of South Alabama
      • Synod of Living Waters


       


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